How Keyway Broaching Is Performed
The process of keyway broaching is typically broken down into several steps:
The workpiece is secured in a fixture or holding device, which allows for precise positioning and alignment of the part during the broaching process.
If necessary, the workpiece is pre-machined to remove excess material or to prepare the surface for broaching.
The broaching tool is then inserted into the workpiece and is gradually pushed or pulled through the material using a broaching machine. As the broaching tool moves through the workpiece, it removes material to create the keyway slot.
Once the broaching process is complete, the workpiece is inspected for dimensional accuracy and surface finish. If necessary, additional finishing operations such as deburring or polishing may be performed.
Types of Keyway Broaching
Internal broaching, external broaching, and surface broaching are all variations of keyway broaching. Here's a brief overview of each type and their specific applications:
Internal broaching is used to create keyways inside of a cylindrical bore or hole. The broaching tool is designed with teeth or cutting edges along its length, allowing it to gradually remove material and create the keyway. Internal broaching is commonly used in the production of gears, pulleys, and other components that require precise keyway slots for connecting to other parts. This type of broaching is particularly useful for creating internal keyways in parts that are difficult or impossible to machine with other methods.
External broaching is used to create keyways on the outside surface of a workpiece. The broaching tool is similar to that used for internal broaching, but is designed to work on the outside of the part. External broaching is commonly used in the production of shafts, couplings, and other components that require keyways for connecting to other parts. This type of broaching is particularly useful for creating precise keyways on the outer surface of parts that are difficult or impossible to machine with other methods.
Surface broaching is used to create keyways on flat surfaces of a workpiece. The broaching tool is designed with teeth or cutting edges that gradually remove material to create the keyway. Surface broaching is commonly used in the production of machine parts, such as tool holders, that require keyways for holding cutting tools or other components. This type of broaching is particularly useful for creating precise keyways on flat surfaces that are difficult or impossible to machine with other methods.
Keyway Broaching: In-House or through a Service?
Keyway broaching can be done both in-house and as a service, depending on the needs and capabilities of the manufacturer. Some manufacturers may have their own keyway broaching machines and skilled operators, allowing them to perform the process in-house. This can provide greater control over the production process, as well as potentially lower costs and faster turnaround times. However, other manufacturers may not have the equipment or expertise to perform keyway broaching in-house. In this case, they may outsource the process to a specialized keyway broaching service provider. These providers may have a range of broaching machines and experienced operators, allowing them to produce high-quality keyways to exact specifications. Ultimately, the decision to perform keyway broaching in-house or outsource it to a service provider will depend on factors such as the volume of parts being produced, the required level of precision, and the availability of resources and expertise within the manufacturing organization.
Considerations Regarding Keyway Broaching
While keyway broaching can be a useful and effective machining process, there are also some things to consider. Keyway broaching can have rapid tool wear, difficulty in machining hard or brittle materials, significant setup time for complex keyway shapes, and relatively high cost compared to other machining methods. Furthermore, once a keyway has been broached into a part, it cannot be easily changed or modified. This can limit the flexibility of the part for future use or modifications.
Benefits of Keyway Broaching
Despite these considerations, keyway broaching can offer several benefits, including:
Keyway broaching allows for precise control over the dimensions of the keyway, resulting in a high degree of accuracy and consistency in the finished part.
Keyway broaching can be a relatively fast and efficient process, particularly for producing high volumes of parts with identical or similar keyway shapes and sizes.
Keyway broaching can create keyways with precise shapes and sizes that can provide a strong and durable connection between two parts, helping to ensure the longevity and reliability of the finished product.
Keyway broaching can be used to create a wide range of keyway shapes and sizes, making it a versatile process that can be applied to a variety of parts and applications.
Keyway broaching can produce keyways with a smooth surface finish and tight tolerances, resulting in a high-quality finished product.
Keyway broaching can create keyways that are compatible with a variety of different types of keys, allowing for greater flexibility and adaptability in the design of the finished product.
Applications of Keyway Broaching
Keyway broaching is used in a variety of applications, including:
Keyway broaching is commonly used in the production of automotive parts such as gears, shafts, and couplings, which require precise keyways for connecting to other parts.
Keyway broaching is used in the production of aircraft engine components such as gearboxes, turbine blades, and rotors, which require precise keyways for proper assembly and operation.
Keyway broaching is used in the production of industrial machinery components such as hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders, pumps, and valves, which require precise keyways for proper function.
Keyway broaching is used in the production of construction equipment components such as pulleys, gears, and sprockets, which require precise keyways for transmitting power and torque.
Keyway broaching is used in the production of marine propulsion system components such as propellers, shafts, and couplings, which require precise keyways for transmitting power and torque.
Keyway broaching is used in the production of tooling components such as cutting tool holders, which require precise keyways for holding cutting tools and other components.
Choosing the Right Keyway Broaching Option
To ensure you have the most beneficial outcome when choosing keyway broaching options, it is important to compare several keyway broaching equipment services and equipment manufacturers using our directory of keyway broaching services and equipment manufacturers. Each keyway broaching-related company has a business profile page highlighting their areas of experience and capabilities, along with a contact form to directly communicate with them for more information or to request a quote for service or equipment. Review each keyway broaching-related company using our patented website previewer to quickly learn what each company specializes in. Then, use our simple RFQ form to contact multiple keyway broaching services or keyway broaching equipment manufacturers with the same form.