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Gear Hobbing

A reliable source for Gear Hobbing information and leading Gear Hobbing Companies.

With today’s ever-increasing demand for quickly-produced manufactured goods, there is a need to create the gears utilized to run various equipment in numerous sizes and which can operate with the highest degree of accuracy. Read More…

Gear Hobbing Gear hobbing refers to the process of using a broaching machine to cut the grooves, known as gear teeth, into a component. Machines that cut gear teeth are capable of cutting gears with different numbers and varying sizes of teeth. Gear hobbing is used to make teeth for many different kinds of gears, including spur, crown, helical and worm.
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Leading Manufacturers

Hatfield, PA  |  800-314-3332

Since 1982, Isotech has been a leader in the broaching industry. You can trust the accuracy of these solutions, and the experts at Isotech are always available to assist you with your needs. Feel free to contact them today to learn more information!

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Isotech, Inc. $$$

Sussex, WI  |  262-820-1200

Broaching Technologies, LLC offers a unique approach to contract broaching services. Whether your part requires a blind or through keyway, a spline or other specialized feature, we have experienced personnel with the expertise to deliver a cut above.

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Broaching Technologies, LLC $$$

Freehold, NJ  |  732-972-5400

AmTech International is a leading manufacturer in the broaching industry. Our broaching machine production has a capability range from 2T-50T and up to 72? of stroke. We serve a variety of industries, including automotive, power transmission applications, and electronics. Metals that we use for broaching include stainless steel, brass, copper, and carbon steel.

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AmTech International $$$

New Hartford, CT  |  860-738-2525

With a great variety of available tooling & quick tooling for unique tooth forms, rely on ISO & AS certified Perry for all your gear & spline requirements. Offering expertise with many CNC operations, we do hobbing, shaping, tooling, broaching, machining & inspection for an array of gears, splines, worms & wheels, serrations of all kinds! Call for all your gearing needs – reverse engineering too!

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Perry Technology Corporation $$$

Los Angeles, CA  |  800-621-1945

Pioneer Broach Company is premier vendor of quality rotary broaching cutting tools. We specialize in custom spline, serration and hexalobular shaped rotary or wobble broaches, and also offer a complete line of standard hex and square rotary broach tools. Our new rotary broaching toolholder is designed for all modern CNC machines, mills and lathes.

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Pioneer Broach Company $$$
placeholder image Isotech, Inc. Broaching Technologies, LLC AmTech International Perry Technology Corporation Pioneer Broach Company

Gear hobbing is the process of creating gear teeth through a “hob,” which is a rotating cutter. This process may be used for either high or low volume production of external cylindrical gears. The production rate of gear hobbing is relatively high compared to other gear-making techniques. The method can be used to make spur, helical, worm, sprocket, and spline gears, among other types of gears.

Gear Hobbing

The Gear-Hobbing Process

Gear hobbing is a multi-step process. In the first step, a spinning cutter known as a hob is used to roll a gear blank. A multipoint cutting tool is then used. This tool resembles a worm gear with several straight flutes running parallel to its axis all around its circumference. These flutes are fashioned in such a way that they serve as cutting edges after being provided the correct angles. Next, the hob is fed to the gear blank while rotating at an appropriate rpm. The gear blank and gear hob's rpm are synced such that for every gear bob revolution, the gear blank rotates by a distance equivalent to one pitch of the gear that needs to be cut. This synchronization ensures that both the hob and the gear blank move consistently and steadily. In order for the hob's cutting blades to stay square with the gear blank during operation, it is tilted at a helix angle; the hob teeth then act like screw threads. A wide range of gears, including spur gears, helical gears, hearing-bone gears, splines, and gear sprockets, are made by gear hobbing.

Hob Positioning for Various Gears

After simultaneously spinning the gear blank and the cutter, known as a hob, with a fixed gearing ratio between the two, gears are cut. The gear blank is fed into the rotating hob until the necessary depth is obtained. Until all of the teeth are formed, the hob is fed across the blank's face. The hob teeth in a hobbing spur gear are positioned parallel to the blank's axis of rotation. Conversely, the axis of the hob is placed over an angle to create the proper helix for helical teeth bobbing. Worm gears, meanwhile, are made with the hob's axis fixed at a proper angle to the blank gear.

Techniques Used in the Hobbing Process

  1. Conventional hobbing: in this technique, the direction of the “feed (the moving direction of the hob in relation to the face of the workpiece)” matches the direction of the cutting motion. This technique produces a better finish but creates more wear.
  2. Climb hobbing: this technique has the feed in a direction opposite to the cutting motion. This technique is employed as a means to extend the tool’s life.

Hobbing Gear Parameters

Indexing movement, feed rate, and the angle between the axis of the gear blank and the gear hobbing tool are three crucial variables that must be under control (gear hob).

Hobbing Process Types

According to the hob's feeding directions for cutting gears, the gear- hobbing operation is divided into many groupings including axial feed, radial feed, and tangential feed categories as discussed below.

Gear Hobbing Using Axial Feed

In this procedure, the gear hob is fed against the gear blank parallel to its axis and along the blank's face. Gears like spur and helical gears are made using this operation.

Axial Feed Hobbing

Gear Hobbing Using Radial Feed

With this technique, the axes of the hob and gear blanks are arranged to be parallel to one another. The rotating hob is fed against the gear blank in a radial direction or perpendicular to the axis of the gear blank. Worm wheels are created using this process when the hob is positioned at the whole depth of the tooth and fed axially forward to the face of the gear blank; the hob is fed tangentially.

Radial Feed Hobbing

Gear Hobbing Using Tangential Feed

The teeth of a worm wheel are also cut using this method. The hob is held horizontally in this situation, with its axis oriented at the axis of the blank.

Hobbing Using Tangential Feed

Benefits of the Gear-Hobbing Process

  • When compared to other gear generation techniques, gear hobbing is an economical procedure since it is a quick and continuous operation.
  • Its shorter manufacturing cycles results in a higher output rate.
  • This process helps to create a wide range of gears, including worms, helical gears, spur gears, splines, and sprockets.
  • By employing a method known as necessary indexing, the gear-hobbing process is relatively straightforward and able to produce any number of teeth while maintaining the module's accuracy.
  • Gear hobbing alone can produce a specific kind of gear known as a herringbone gear (a special gear with a herringbone, or repeating V, pattern).
  • The gear-hobbing process can handle a wide range of batch sizes, ranging from tiny to huge volumes.
  • The gear-hobbing process makes it possible to process multiple gear blanks placed on the same arbor at once.
  • Since a hob is a multipoint cutting tool with several cutting teeth or edges in itself, there are fewer cutting edges operating at once and there is more time for any heat created during this manufacturing process (and which may negatively affect the parts created) to be dissipated.

Drawbacks of the Gear-Hobbing Process

  • The process is generally used to create external gears and typically requires additional setup for producing internal gears. Additionally, the machine must have the ability to fit a particular head for this purpose.
  • The process cannot create bevel gears.
  • There are size limitations regarding the gears it can produce.
  • Producing splines or sprockets will require additional time to set up the machine to properly function.

Gear Hobbing Informational Video


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